Religiously-based civil unrest and warfare Sponsored link. But they did not manage to change me. I have NOT learned to hate my neighbors and I never will.
In addition to the ongoing crisis in Darfur, forces under the command of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir have carried out attacks against civilians in the disputed Abyei territory, and South Kordofan and Blue Nile States.
Throughout its offensives, the Sudanese government continues to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity against its own civilians. Well over a million civilians have been displaced or severely affected by violence throughout the last two years.
Indiscriminate aerial bombardments and ground attacks are preventing farmers from planting crops in the southern border regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, and denial of international humanitarian aid has set up a crisis that could near famine conditions.
Byas World War II had ended and the global movement towards decolonization gained momentum, Britain decided to merge north and south Sudan into a single administrative region.
It was this unified country that would be granted independence in The First Sudanese Civil War was fought between the northern government and south Sudanese rebels demanding a return to the s division that would grant them greater representation and regional autonomy.
A peace agreement between the warring north and south in resulted in an 11 year cease-fire until unresolved tensions reignited into the Second Sudanese Civil War that was again fought for southern autonomy. The government combination of combat tactics and conflict-induced famine led to the death of an estimated 2 million Sudanese during the Second Sudanese Civil War, marking it the deadliest conflict in civilian causalities since World War II.
One of the conditions of the peace agreement between the northern government and southern rebels was the establishment of a referendum on whether the region should remain part of Sudan or become an independent country.
Several issues, including border demarcation and an agreement over oil, remain unresolved and threaten a return to war between Sudan and South Sudan.
Genocide in Darfur With the international community focused on resolving the conflicts between the north and the south, a growing conflict in Darfur was virtually ignored.
Inthe situation exploded as the government of Sudan responded to a rebellion in the Darfur region of Sudan, beginning a genocidal campaign against civilians that resulted in the deaths of overand the displacement of over three million Darfuris.
Inthe Sudanese government and the Darfuri rebels signed a ceasefire agreement and began long-term peace talks known as the Doha peace forum. During these negotiations, steps were made to provide Darfur with increased regional autonomy under the Sudanese government rather than allow it a referendum to become an independent state like South Sudan.
However, sincethere has been no additional progress on these agreements and violence in the region continues to escalate with overnewly displaced in According to the peace agreement, the disputed region of Abyei was to hold a referendum on whether it wanted to join an independent South Sudan or remain part of Sudan.
However, in May Sudan invaded Abyei, displacing overcivilians and leading to the deployment of a UN Interim Security Force of 4, peacekeepers. The referendum still has not been held and 48, people remain displaced.
Blue Nile and South Kordofan: According to the North-South peace agreement, two Sudanese states bordering South Sudan were supposed to carry out popular consultations about how they would fit into a new Sudan, however fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces and rebels broke out in June and September Since then, the government of Sudan has utilized its military forces to launch attacks in civilian areas including targeting churches and schools as well as fields essential to the livelihood of civilians blocked by the government from international aid.
Food as a Weapon of War In fighting rebels, the Sudanese government uses starvation as a weapon of war. Attacks on civilians disrupt the crucial cultivation season, resulting in emergency levels of food insecurity putting half a million civilian lives at risk.
The Sudanese government has cut off nearly all access to rebel-held areas and is preventing humanitarian organizations and the UN from providing desperately needed aid. What We Are Calling For The Sudanese government remains willing to use deadly force against the Sudanese people to further his own political goals.
We call on the U. Pressing for full and unfettered access for international humanitarian organizations to South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Darfur and immediately, preparing alternative means of distributing emergency aid to civilians wherever denial of aid is being used as a weapons of war; Pushing the United Nations Security Council to demand the government of Sudan immediately cease conducting aerial bombardments in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and Darfur; Pushing the United Nations Security Council to authorize a peacekeeping force for South Kordofan and Blue Nile that contains a human rights monitoring component, along with the appropriate resources and mandate necessary to protect civilians; Working to expand the existing United Nations arms embargo for Darfur to all of Sudan; Holding perpetrators of violence accountable, including President Bashir, by strengthening and expanding U.
Protect the People of Darfur Sudan's president, Omar al-Bashir, the same man responsible for genocide in Darfur has continued his attacks on Darfur and expanded his killing into the states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile — slaughtering men, women and children and displacing hundreds of thousands of people.
We can not stand by and watch as Bashir gets away with murder. Please tell Secretary of State John Kerry to stop looking the other way as Bashir continues to wage war against the people of Sudan.Sudan's president and architect of the Darfur genocide, Omar al-Bashir, is right now using his army and militias to murder men, women and children.
The “Darfur Genocide” refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women, and children in Western Sudan.
The killings began in , as the first genocide in the 21st century. Understanding the Roots of Conflict in South Sudan. South Sudan’s civil war is the result of a weakly institutionalized state and may require the African Union’s intervention to find peace and.
Learn about the world's top hotspots with the Center for Preventive Action's (CPA) interactive Global Conflict Tracker. Ethnic violence in South Sudan has a long history among South Sudan's varied ethnic rutadeltambor.com Sudan has 64 tribes with the largest being the Dinkas, who constitute about 35% of the population and predominate in government.
The second largest are the rutadeltambor.comct is often aggravated among nomadic groups over the issue of cattle and .
The Rwanda genocide was mainly an ethnic conflict between the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority. The religious split in the country (75% Christian, mostly Roman Catholic, and 25% indigenous) appears to not have been a significant factor.