One informal analysis suggests short first names are strongly correlated with higher salaries. They are bad in several ways, and modern glyphs are little better. For example, v and w, or m and n.
Support Aeon Donate now A few years ago, my husband was contacted by genealogists tracking descendants of rabbis from the Lithuanian shtetl of Kelm. The impoverished little town was known for its fierce schools of Talmudic learning, or yeshivas; it was a centre of Mussar — a strict system of ethics based on logic and the rigorous practice of mindfulness, a meditative approach to self-reflection and prayer.
The massive genealogy we ultimately received by email spanned five continents, 16 generations and almost years of grief.
Some 6, Jews had sought refuge behind the fortified walls. But Cossacks carrying Polish flags tricked their way in, reportedly killing children, boiling victims in vats, and flaying them alive.
The Martyr of Nemirov is his historic name. After the slaughter, the rabbis fled to other shtetls across the Pale of Settlement — the swath of Europe covering parts of Poland, Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine where Jews were allowed to live. He died inaged Like other Jews forced to flee the Ukrainian pogroms, the Gutmans of 19th-century Kelm were poorer than ever.
And under the Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, they were subject to an onerous draft that took conscripted Jewish boys from age 12 and as young as eight; military service was for Non traditional weddings essay years.
Like so many other Jews of their generation, most of her offspring booked passage for New York City. One of those daughters gave rise to a criminal gang so notorious that they were on the front page of the New York City papers for a solid year in Cousins who stayed behind in Kelm were slaughtered when Nazis gathered them into the courtyard of their great yeshiva and shot them on 29 July ; they are buried in a mass grave on a local farm.
But most fanned out, landing at the forefront of medicine, law, cosmology, the arts — worldwide. The genealogy tracked it all. The most influential leader of Mir in modern times, a cousin to my husband, was such a rock star that his funeral, at age 68, drew thousands of black-coated mourners weeping and pounding the streets of Jerusalem in The more I read the genealogy, the more the family seemed doomed.
While my relatives were living longer as years went by, many into their hundreds, the Kelm descendants often died relatively young. Worried by the deaths, I urged my husband to see a cardiologist, and the first year he was fine.
But the next time he went, aged 60, he had a 95 per cent blockage of his carotid artery, and was weeks away from death. Surgery and medication saved him, protect him still, but I suspect an underlying force: The notion that we inherit the legacy of our ancestors, not just their wealth and facial features, but their good luck and hard knocks, is hardly new.
The great devastations of the Bronze Age, when civilisations collapsed; the endless ethnic cleansings across continents and centuries; the earthquakes and volcanoes and tsunamis and floods; the great plagues and pandemics — all get wrapped into the drumbeat of ritual and story we try to pass down.
Only this century have we begun to tally the true, transgenerational toll of these historic debacles, and considered a way to heal. But they are hardly alone. Studies have ranged across the African-American descendants of slaves; the Japanese descendants of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; descendants of the genocide in Rwanda; those whose parents survived the collapse of the Twin Towers in New York City on 11 September One of the leading experts in transgenerational trauma is Maria Yellow Horse Brave Heart, a clinical social work researcher at the University of New Mexico, and member of the Lakota tribe.
Her paper on carrying historical trauma is now considered a cornerstone of the field. After Sitting Bull, a leader of the Lakota resistance, was killed in cold blood in at the Standing Rock Reservation in South Dakota, hundreds of his followers fled in fear to nearby Wounded Knee, where they were massacred, their bodies thrown into a mass grave.
And the trauma went on, with Native American children dispatched to boarding schools, sometimes more than 1, miles away from families and tribal communities. In these facilities, children were beaten, shackled and chained to bedposts. Conditions were so overcrowded that, between anda tuberculosis epidemic killed more than a third of the Lakota population over one year of age.
The intergenerational response to this kind of trauma includes depression, self-destructive behaviour, psychic numbing, anger and elevated mortality rates from suicide and cardiovascular diseases.
Lakota mortality rates for heart disease are, to this day, almost twice the rate for the general United States population; suicide rates are more than double the national average. As one of them told Brave Heart and colleagues: They are trapped by the centrifugal force of centuries The concept framed by Brave Heart has since been applied to historic suffering writ large.
Joy DeGruy, a professor of social work at Portland State University, has spent years developing the concept for her groundbreaking book Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome American chattel slavery, she explains, was years of systematic abuse, of being sold, and beaten and raped.Identification.
Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt. They valued its trees which produced the aromatic gum resins frankincense and myrrh. May 19, · Royal weddings never had so much soul. Meghan Markle chose to celebrate her life as a biracial woman in a ceremony to marry Prince Harry .
Unique Wedding Ideas. We get it -- you don't want your day too wedding-y. We've got plenty of nontraditional wedding ideas. Wedding Traditions Essay Words | 7 Pages When it comes to planning a wedding, people have to worry not only about food, flowers, and what they wear, they also have to honor many traditions, even if they don’t understand their origins or meanings.
The Atheist Community of Austin is organized as a nonprofit educational corporation to develop and support the atheist community, to provide opportunities for socializing and friendship, to promote secular viewpoints, to encourage positive atheist culture, to defend the first amendment principle of state-church separation, to oppose discrimination against atheists and to work with other.
Mass weddings in India relieve families of financial strain associated with a traditional dowry and large wedding. These brides wear white instead of the traditional Indian red wedding dress as they belong to the Christian minority population in Punjab.